Betul is one of the marginally located southern
districts of Madhya Pradesh, lying almost wholly on the Satpura plateau. It occupies
nearly the whole width of the satpura range between the valley of the narmada on the north
and the bearer plains on the south. It forms the southernmost part of the Bhopal Division.
The District extends between 21-22 and 22-24 degrees North Latitude and between 77-10 and
78-33 degrees East Longitude and forms a compact shape, almost a square with slight
projection on the East and the West. Two small enclaves of the district, viz., Batla
blocks of the Govt. forests lie to the West between the districts of Nimar (East) and
Amaraoti. These enclaves lie on the Northern bank of the Tapti. They extent from West to
East between the Meridians 77-59 and 77-02.
The District is bounded on the NORTH by
Hoshangabad, on the SOUTH by Amaroti of Maharastra, on the EAST by Chhindwara District and
on the WEST by the District of Hoshangabad, East Nimar and Amaroti. The Southern
boundary of the district runs almost along the southern foothills of the melghat range,
but excludes hattighat and Chikalda hills in Amaroti district. The Western boundary
is associated for some distance with the Ganjal river (Southern), a tributary of Tapti,
and then with the watershed line between the Morand and the Ganjal (Northern), the
tributaries of the Narmada. The Northern boundary is marked by the course of the Morand
river, and by the TAWA river beyond Dhodra Mohar Railway station. The Eastern Boundary
runs through small streams and hills among which Khurpura and Rotia Nalas are of some
The district derives its name from the small town of Betul Bazar about 5 km south of Badnur, the Headquarters of the district. During the Maratha regime also, in the beginning of the British rule, Betul or Betul Bazar was the district Headquarters. In 1822 the District Headquarters was shifted to the present place, then only the village came to be known as Badnur Dhana, meaning Badnur village in the local dialect. Now, even after such a long time, not only the district retains the old name, but the name of the new Headquarters town, Badnur, as also been superimposed by "BETUL".
NAMES OF THE DYNASTIES RUINED
VAKATAKAS, RASTRAKUTAS, KHERALA, SULTANS OF MALWA, MUGHALS, GONDS, BHONSLAS, BRITISH
MAJOR RELIGIONS,CASTES AND LANGUAGES
RELIGION : HINDU, MUSLIM, SIKH, JAIN, CHRISTIAN, BUDDHIST.
CASTES : GONDS, KORKUS, KURMIS, KUNBIS, BHOYARS, MEHARAS, CHAMARS, BANIAS, RAJPUTHS.
LANGUAGES : HINDI, GONDI, MARATHI, KORKU.